Wood Finishes – The Secrets Shared by Floor Sanders

Any wood floor is individual as the grain pattern, the way in which it is laid and its colouration will create a unique floor. This is further added to as the service of floor sanding creates a truly distinctive and individual appearance.

Floor sanding is an ever-evolving provision that continuously changes. New techniques, product formulations and technology allows professionals to remain at the cutting edge of their service. These adaptations also allow the best and long-lasting finish.

Secret one considers the fact that your chosen professional should be armed with a range of in-depth information about wood finishes and how best to advise you when considering your options. Foot traffic, temperature, location, wood type and other details should all form part of the decision-making process.

Secret two looks at the fact that different finishes offer varying appearances. It may be that you are looking to match your wooden flooring to your existing d├ęcor or you may already have a vision of how you would like it to look. Best-served professionals offer an entirely bespoke re-finishing service to create a floor that matches your individual requirements.

Secret three considers the usage of any room where you are looking to apply a wood finish. Different options provide varying levels of durability and the application process will dictate the absorption.

Secret four discusses the different types of wood finishes available and consists of varnishes, stains, lacquers, oils, waxes and dyes. It may come as a surprise that there is such a wide variation and each and every product offers their own individual pros and cons. It is imperative that the correct product is selected to ensure the overall success of the job.

Secret five considers the application of a wood finish. A top tip is to work with the grain pattern of the wood boards that you are working with. The grain will be enhanced and the boards are less likely to appear streaky or uneven.

Secret six provides an insight into why a finish is required. A wood floor that is left unfinished will inevitably experience more wear, damage and as a result could need expensive replacement. A floor that is finished will offer resistance against moisture changes, foot fall and spillages. A protected floor will stand the test of time and will therefore offer cost-effectiveness.

Wood finishes are fascinating products and time invested in considering the appropriate finish for your job will inevitably offer a superior result. Request advice, seek to find the best products and care for your floor in the correct way. Floor sanders will offer this comprehensive service and your wooden floor will be transformed.

Figuring Out Which Tile Spacer to Use

When it comes to tiling a space, you will need to first measure the space since the tiles are sold based on the square footage of the room. You also need to factor in the space that you need to leave in between the tiles. In order to leave space evenly, you need to use spacers. Tile spacers are plastic pieces that are made specifically for this purpose by a tile spacer manufacturer. The size of the spacer to use will be based on the kind of tile you will be using. This is how you determine the size of the spacer to use:

You will need to look at the tile edges. If the edges are irregular, like those that you would find on tumbled marble tiles, you need to have spacers that are approximately 0.25 of an inch. If the tile has a smooth edge then you will be able to use a spacer that is an eighth to a sixteenth of an inch.

You also need to look at the grout joints in the place where you will be installing the tiles. If you are tiling walls you will notice that the grout joints tend to be smaller. This means that you will need to use smaller tile spacers than you would use on a floor. If the wall tiles you are placing have a clean edge then you can get spacers measuring a sixteenth of an inch. However, if you are tiling a floor with tiles that have a clean edge, then a spacer measuring an eighth of an inch will work.

You will need to find out if the tile you will be using is vitrified. This means that the tile will have been manufactured in such a way that it has very smooth edges and is extremely straight. If this has been done, then spacers measuring a sixteenth of an inch will work both on the walls and on the floor.
Spacers come in a variety of types. Peg spaces are usually placed in such a way that later on they can be removed with ease. They tend to protrude and are easy to grip for removal. You need two of these for each tile edge.

Cross spacers generally lie flat and are placed at the corner where four tiles meet. You will need to have fewer of these than peg spaces, but you need to ensure that the tile spacer does not drop to a level that is below that of the tiles. If this happens, they will be ineffective in fulfilling their function. In addition, they will become very difficult for you to remove.

‘T’ spacers are another type of tile spacer usually used when one is working to create a brickwork effect with their design. You need to place one wherever the T forms.

Usually a tile spacer manufacturer will make all the different types of tile spacers. You can often purchase them at your local hardware store where you buy all your other building materials.

How to Resurface Your Hardwood Floors – Sandless Method of Wood Floor Restoration

If your hardwood floors have lost their shine, started to get surface scuffs and scratches, or just need some cleaning and sprucing up then sandless resurfacing may be just what you need. This process works for all types of hardwood floors including; solid unfinished (floors that were finished on site), solid pre finished (floors that were purchased already finished in a factory), and engineered wood floors. Depending on the type of wood flooring you have this process can vary a bit.

I will cover the required steps for each type of flooring.

* Bona brand “Prep” or Basic Coatings brand “Tycote” (these are etching solutions that help ensure a new coating will bond to your floors – note: only needed for pre finished solid or pre finished engineered floors)

* A wood floor finish that is compatible with the etch product; if you are getting the Bona product I’d recommend Bona Traffic HD finish or Bona Woodline finish, or if you get the Basic Coatings Tycote, I’d recommend their Street Shoe Finish.

* Floor Buffer – You can rent a floor buffer at nearly any tool rental store and at some home improvement stores. If you’ve never ran a standard buffer you may consider getting a square buffer as these vibrate rather than oscillate.

* Vacuum – I recommend one with a soft bristle or soft felt brush.

* MicroFiber Dust Mop

* Applicator – I recommend an 18″ t-bar style application made by Duratool. Lambswool applications, and smaller nap paint rollers can also work for this.

* Brush – I prefer the foam style 3-4″ wide brushes .

* Buffer Pad – White Pads (1-2) also available at tool rental store (additional red or maroon pad if you have pre finished engineered or pre finished solid floors)

* Sanding Screen 150 or 220 grit – These are also found at tool rental stores or online. An alternative to these are Norton brand sand dollars buffer pads.


The first thing you’ll want to do is prep the space you are doing. You’ll want to remove all furniture and any other items that are on the floors you are doing. It’s also a good idea to use some painters tape to tape off the baseboards, and to tape off adjoining surfaces/floors that you want to protect. You may also want to hang up some plastic film in doorways to help contain the dust created. You’ll also want to clean the floors and make sure that there are no pieces of debris as these things could get caught under the buffer and scratch the floors.


After prepping the space now it’s time to buff the floors. Take the white buffer pad and put in on the bottom of the buffers drive head. Then put the sanding screen under the white pad (the screen is what you want to be touching the floor). Now start the buffer and moving in a back and forth motion buff over the floors trying to go with the grain of the wood. Try to cover every inch of the floors very well.

After buffing the floors now you want to take a used piece of the sanding screen and lightly hand sand in areas of the floor that the buffer wouldn’t reach such as corners, under cabinets, under radiators etc. This is just to also etch the surface of these areas too.

The next step will vary a bit based on the type of flooring you have.

If you have pre finished flooring, the next thing you want to do is to buff the floors again. This time you want to use just the red or maroon buffer pad. Now what you’re going to do is a wet or damp buffing. You want to mist some of the Bona Prep of Basic Coatings Tycote onto the floor using a spray bottle. This step is to etch the surface of the floors and to ensure that a new coating will bond to the coating that is on the factory finished floor product. You’ll want to do this very well to ensure you get every inch of the floors and that every inch has an etched or dull sort of look to it. You’ll even want to take a piece of the buffer pad and get into the corners and other tight spots that the buffer wouldn’t reach.

(note: you can use this step on wood floors that were site finished too, especially if you have any doubts about a new coating sticking to the existing finish you have or if you have used any wax based cleaners or refreshing products that are wax based as they can prevent new coatings from sticking to the floors)


After you complete the buffing part of the project, now you want to clean the floors very well. You’ll want to vacuum the floors really well and then dust mop them really well.


Once you have cleaned the floors, now you’re ready to apply the coating(s). Follow the manufactures directions for the amount of square feet of coverage per gallon. Apply the finish with the grain using whatever type of application you picked up. Be sure to work in sections.

Let Dry

After you have applied the coating now you’ll just want to wait the manufacturers recommended dry time before walking on the floors. You can find this on the finish container. Then you’ll want to wait the manufacturers recommended time for curing before putting furniture back into place.

Repeat if Desired

If you’d like you can also buff the floor again and apply a 2nd, or 3rd coating for added protection. I recommend buffing after each coating with a 220 grit sanding screen and following all other instructions aside from using the etching products as they will not be needed once one coating is applied.

Cleaning Laminate Floors Without Streaking

There are many advantages associated with laminate flooring, which makes this a very popular option for flooring. It is a flooring that can easily be installed, it is not expensive, and it is very durable. The one disadvantage with this type of flooring is that you need to be very careful when you clean it. Laminate flooring planks consist of layers of fiber and wood, and then the floor’s surface has been sealed with a protective coating. It is this coating that gives the flooring its attractive shine. When you use a regular cleaner on the floor, you could damage the protective sealant. Any cleaning solution with ammonia or soap as an ingredient will leave streak marks behind on the surface of the floor and could cause the floor to lose its shine.

Light foot traffic

An effective method of cleaning it is to sweep and dry mop it. You can use a bristle or plastic broom for sweeping the loose debris and dirt from the surface of the floor. When you sweep the floor, make sure that you are moving the broom gently so you can avoid scratching the flooring from large sized granular dust particles, which could have sharp edges. The vacuum cleaner can be used instead of the broom. Make sure the beater bar is removed from the vacuum first. Once you have swept or vacuum the floor you can dry mop to rid of the rest of the dirt and dust from the laminate flooring. This dry mop has a disposable pad attached to a long stick. This type of dry mop can collect the finer dust particles still clinging to your floor. Move it gently over your floor and if it becomes soaked with dust change to a new clean pad.

Heavy foot traffic

Wet mopping is the way to clean the floor. One problem with this is that plain water is a little bit alkaline by nature and often leaves white water spots behind on your floor. You will need to neutralize it by adding vinegar to the water to prevent white spots. In a gallon of warm water, you add a one-eighth cup of white vinegar. For best results, you need to use a micro-filter mop. It has grooves and is very soft so it can collect any dirt very well. Dip your mop in the mixture, wring out any excess water, and mop your laminate flooring. Let air dry and walk on it when dry.

Mild stains

Mix one half part rubbing alcohol and one part window cleaner in spray bottle. Spray the stain and wipe with paper towel.

Various Types of Flooring for Home Renovation

Updating the flooring at home is an important consideration when you are planning to give your home a new look. Some of the common things that you need to consider for this are the flooring, degree of hard wearing and slip resistance. Other than these, one must know about the types of flooring that he chooses. Below are the top four flooring ideas:

Quartz tile flooring
Quartz tiles are a truly spectacular and wonderful choice because they have the light reflecting capability which mesmerizes the room where you install them in. The mirror texture of the tiles provides a stunning look for all the areas of the home. These tiles are great for kitchens and living areas. Moreover, Quartz tiles are easy to maintain, and are scratch and stain resistant. They are one of the most popular choices in 2016 flooring styles.

Porcelain tile flooring
Porcelain tiles are known for their strength and durability. They are fantastic for living, kitchen and dining areas. They larger format white floor tiles kitchen cover the entire flooring with a contemporary look. They can be effortlessly laid and installed, which is a great advantage to cut down the time and cost of installation. Porcelain tiles are also a great flooring solution bathrooms. They have the superior slip ratings and come in different sizes, finish, style and colors.

Natural stone tiles
Natural stone tiles have gained a lot of popularity. These tiles create an exquisite indoor and outdoor feel. Natural stones are very durable and practical choices for any rooms as they have natural textures and come with different size varieties. The natural stone tiles are available in different color, tones and contemporary styles which give your rooms a toasty warm feel.

Wood flooring
Wood flooring has been used for many years. There is still a huge fan who prefer to have a wood type of flooring to get the natural look. Even though this type of flooring needs extra effort to maintain, they are nevertheless great for adding sophistication and warmth to a home.

Proper maintenance of the white floor tiles in the kitchen is the key to keeping their ambience alive. The heavily trafficked areas require more maintenance in terms of regular vacuum cleaning, mopping and sweeping. Use of acidic and abrasive cleaners is not advised as they remove the protective sealant and damage the stone. Most modern homes would use carpets on the flooring. So, one has to consider the suitability of the carpet with the flooring to make a bold statement.